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Navoi - the founder of Uzbek literature

The 9th of February is the birthday of Alisher Navoi, the great son of the Uzbek people, a genius poet and thinker, whose artistic heritage is carefully preserved and explored, both in Uzbekistan and abroad. Thanks to independence, his name, along with other great people, again appeared before the people in all its glory. The first year of independence on the initiative of the First President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov in the chronicles of the country was celebrated as the Year of Navoi.

Alisher Navoi became the first poet to write in the Uzbek language not only a huge number of excellent lyric poems, but also the cycle of poems "Pyateritsa", which later formed as a literary genre in the works of other great poets. This task was brilliantly solved by him: the rights of the Uzbek language were firmly established, and its merits were generally recognized. That is why Navoi is rightly called the founder of the Uzbek classical literature and the Uzbek literary language.

During the years of independence, a large number of international conferences devoted to the works of Alisher Navoi were held in Uzbekistan, as well as in France, Belgium, Japan, Russia, the USA, Germany, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan. Monuments to the poet were erected not only in the cities of Uzbekistan, but also abroad - Osh, Baku, Moscow, which is evidence of the great respect and reverence for the memory of the great poet and thinker.

The International Symposium in one of the largest cultural, intellectual and research centers in the world, the Library of the United States Congress on the theme “Alisher Navoi and his influence on the cultural development of the peoples of Central Asia”, was devoted to studying the life and creative heritage of Navoi, organized by the Library and the Embassy of Uzbekistan in the United States. During the event, the presentation of the first translation of Navoi's outstanding work “The Language of Birds” by the American publishing house ‘Author House’ was also held. According to D. Rodhiver, President of ‘AmRus Ventures’, who supported the publication of Navoi's work, he is proud to have participated in a project to popularize Uzbek cultural heritage in the United States and Great Britain.

Works of Navoi are translated into many languages ​​of the world. A striking example is the collection of Gazelles of Navoi published in France. The publication was prepared by the professor of Samarkand State University Murod Ergashev together with the art historian from France Jean-Jacques Gate.

According to one of the major Western experts in science, Professor of the University of California A. Bodrogligeti, Navoi’s legacy imposes enormous responsibility for its preservation, protection and popularization of his ideas. Research on Navoi, conducted over the years, is based on manuscripts that were kept in the funds of Uzbekistan and other states. Therefore, the world highly appreciates the efforts of Uzbekistan to revive and preserve its invaluable spiritual heritage.

With the co-chairperson of the “Association for the Study of Culture and Art of the Temurid Epoch”, French oriental historian F. Bressan emphasized that Uzbekistan is a country where science and art have been developing since ancient times. “I think that it will be extremely useful for the West to have a broader idea of ​​the great contribution made by representatives of the Uzbek people to the development of world culture and science,” she said. “I highly appreciate the measures taken in Uzbekistan to study, preserve and promote the huge scientific and cultural heritage of the country. This is extremely important for the youth of Uzbekistan. The younger generation should know and be proud of the great and ancient culture they represent. ”

Alisher Navoi has always been a patriot of his people in the full sense of the word, his immortal ideas are consonant with our time and serve the young generation as a vivid example of love and loyalty to the Motherland.

True happiness is the fact that the manuscripts of all 32 works of Alisher Navoi reached us in full. Moreover, it was the manuscripts copied during the life of the poet in the 15th century by the best calligraphers of that era, who were held by Navoi himself in his hands, making notes. Among them, the main work is “Khamsa” (“Pyateritsa”), consisting of five poems: “Confusion of the Righteous”, “Farhad and Shirin”, “Leyli and Mejnun”, “Seven Wanderers” and “Iskander Wall” - 51260 lines of verse. Two lifetime manuscripts of the four sofas "Treasury of Thoughts", a collection of poems and other works that became the basis for the publication of the poet's twenty-volume collected works in the Uzbek language.

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